syrniki recipe history culture origin

Вкусные сырники с ягодами. Click here for original image

Syrniki: Not Your Average Cheese Cake

Published: July 18, 2018

Syrniki (Сырники) are cottage cheese griddle cakes, sometimes called “cheese fritters” in English. They are generally fried in vegetable oil to create crispy-on-the-outside, soft-on-the-inside medallions of warm, creamy goodness. Drizzled with sour cream, condensed milk, and/or jam, and served for breakfast or dessert, syrniki are particularly beloved in Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania.

Syrniki are an ancient traditional food. Although impossible to determine when they were first created, they, like “блины” (bliny), and “оладьи” (Russian pancakes), are sometimes associated with the ancient Slavic god, Ярила (Yarila); all three foods are round and yellow, like the sun, and were used to pay homage for a rich harvest and full table.

How They Got Their Name

(Почему они носят такое название?)

The word “syrniki” literally means “a thing made of cheese.” Syrniki are made from “творог” (tvorog), a type of “home cheese” or “cottage cheese” made by placing milk in a warm place. The fat content curdles and condenses and can then be strained out, creating a product that can be stored longer than plain milk.

Long ago, many Slavic languages referred to both soft white cheese and harder cheeses with one word: “сыр.” Today, in Russia, “сир” has evolved into “сыр.” About 300 years ago, a strict distinction between “сыр” and tvorog appeared in Russian. It was then that the influence of European cheese factories created a difference between the harder cheeses – which are more difficult and time consuming to make and thus became more commercial products. The simple, soft white cheese that could be made in a day became “tvorog,” which derives from the verb “творить” ‒ to form or make, create. Syrniki, however, retained their original name ‒ although the term “творожники” is also used in Russia in rare occurrences.

Interestingly, Ukraine has retained the original spelling of “сир” and does not use the word “творог.”

When and How to Eat Syrniki

(Как правильно есть сырники?)

Syrniki are commonly eaten for breakfast or dessert and are served with condensed milk, sour cream, “варенье” (a thick whole fruit preserve), jam, and/or honey. Perhaps most popular is adding both sour cream and “варенье.”

Syrniki are usually prepared at home and, like blini are generally associated with grandmothers and traditional cooking. However, in modern Central and Eastern Europe, they can be bought frozen, in restaurants, and even at fast-food franchises like “Теремок” (Teremok).

In theory, syrniki are a balanced dish: milk contains useful carbohydrates and fats, and lots of protein, vitamins, and minerals. However, just three cakes can carry a whopping 800 calories ‒ about half a day’s worth ‒ so go lightly!

How to Prepare Syrniki

(Как правильно готовить сырники?)

Tvorog can have different moisture levels and consistencies based on how it’s made (its brand), how old it is, and its fat content. Thus, сырники preparation can be rather whimsical and imprecise, but it is effortless once you’ve mastered the technique and know what consistencies you are looking for. You must find a sort of Zen between the basic ingredients of tvorog, eggs, and flour (maybe – flour is somewhat debated).

syrniki recipe history culture origin
Формирование шариков.

Most important is to use the right tvorog: it should be fresh, ideally homemade, and have 9% milkfat, but anywhere from 7-18% will do. You can test the творог by poking it through its package: if the dent stays, you have acceptable творог.

Those in America may have a hard time finding tvorog. You can actually order it online. Making it yourself is an even better solution. Mass-produced tvorog is made with rennet, an enzyme that causes the milk to curdle faster and harder. Tvorog made without rennet is softer and lighter – and makes better syrniki. Tvorog in America is sometimes sold as “quark,” so look for that as well. In an extreme pinch, you can use ricotta, which is similar in consistency and content and thus can give you a similar product. We recommend not adding sugar in that case (ricotta is naturally sweet), or telling a purist what they are eating.

Make sure the tvorog is of a homogeneous consistency before adding any other ingredients. For very fluffy syrniki, tvorog should be pressed and thoroughly dried before sending it “через сито” (through a sieve), “в блендере” (in a blender), or “размять вилкой” (mashed with a fork) until smooth. The more it’s dried the less need for “мука” (flour), which is ideal: less flour makes for fluffier, moister syrniki! Likewise, if the tvorog is too dry, add sour cream, yogurt or milk, otherwise the syrniki will turn out rubbery.

syrniki recipe history culture origin
One form in which tvorog recommended for syrniki is sold in Russia. Note that the product inside the package is clumped into light curds – indicating that it is fairly dry. The drier your tvorog, the better your syrniki will be.

Don’t overdo it with the extra ingredients ‒ the tvorog taste is what’s to be featured. Those who like to add flavor to them will usually stop with vanilla and maybe “изюм” (raisins). They can also be made with chopped apricots, apples, pears, carrots, or even potatoes. Although less common, some like to prepare their syrniki with chives, dill, or garlic.

If you choose to add dried fruit like raisins, rehydrate them in warm water for 20 minutes before incorporating. Don’t use boiling water as it will destroy their skins and the finished dish will be mushy rather than full of juicy, beautiful raisins.

Many classic syrniki variations call for 1-2 “яйца” (eggs) per 500 grams of tvorog, while some call only for yolks, and other dietary-sensitive recipes call for only the egg whites. Whichever variation you follow, add them without fail! Your syrniki will fall apart without them. (But not too much, or you’ll have to add more flour or tvorog.)

Measuring dry ingredients can take some finesse and depends on the moisture content of the tvorog. Some cooks believe no мука should be used whatsoever. However, getting the mixture to hold together without flour can be challenging.

Stir the mixture by hand with a fork or wooden spoon. Using a high speed blender or whisk will give you crunchy syrniki, similar to meringue. It’s recommended to let the mixture stand and swell for about ten to thirty minutes before proceeding. However, it can be used immediately if you are impatient.

At this point, the syrniki dough should resemble a thick cottage cheese, so that you can easily roll up smooth, solid balls that don’t stick to your hands. Form the syrniki mixture into discs around a half inch thick and no bigger than your palm.

Syrniki should be fried using a good amount of oil over medium heat. This is also important – if the oil is too hot, you burn your syrniki on the outside while leaving them raw inside. If it’s too cool, the syrniki absorb the oil and become a greasy mess. Using generous oil allows them to cook more evenly and, if heated properly, will leave you will clean and practically grease-less product. For best results, use a thick, cast iron pan that will hold and distribute the heat well. Fry them until golden brown, about one to two minutes on each side, turning them using salad tongs. This is easier than using a spatula and will prevent them from splashing you with hot oil.

Some prefer their syrniki baked (any mass-produced or fast-food version you may have tried was probably baked, frozen, and then reheated). If you prefer yours “без масла” (without oil), bake them for ten minutes on either side. Here, too is a little secret ‒ after turning off the oven, syrniki should remain and set for at least five minutes. Alternatively, your discs can be tossed into boiling, salted water. Fully-cooked syrniki will float when ready, and may be removed with a slotted spoon. This technique will produce something more closely resembling “lazy dumplings,” another treat popular throughout Slavic lands, rather than the traditional syrniki. Some also steam the сырники rather than frying them to produce something slightly less fatty.

As you can see, syrniki preparation is whimsical and imprecise. You’ll find as many variations and techniques as there are cooks, but once you get the hang of it, you’ll be enjoying delicious tvorog fritters with friends and family – often. They are really good.

Syrniki Recipes

(Давай приготовим!)

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Сырники Syrniki
Ингредиенты
  • Творог – 500 граммов
  • Яйцо куриное – 2 штуки
  • Пшеничная мука – 6 столовых ложек
  • Сахар – 2 столовые ложки
  • Подсолнечное масло – 5 столовых ложек

Приготовление

  1. Положите весь творог в кастрюльку и разомните его вилкой так, чтобы в нем не осталось крупных комков. Разбейте в него яйца, всыпьте сахар и тщательно всё перемешайте.
  2. Всыпьте в творог 5 столовых ложек (с горкой) муки и тщательно перемешайте. Можно добавить немного больше муки, сырники получатся тогда более плотными. Или муки можно добавить чуть меньше, и тогда сырники будут нежнее. В итоге у вас должна получиться однородная масса.
  3. Поставьте сковороду на средний огонь и налейте в неё подсолнечное масло.
  4. Насыпьте на тарелку немного муки. Слепите несколько небольших шариков из получившейся творожной массы и положите их на тарелку. Лучше лепить разом 4–5 шариков — столько, сколько поместится одновременно на сковороду.
  5. Затем плющите их в небольшие лепёшки (они не должны быть слишком тонкие) и выкладывайте на сковороду.
  6. Обжаривайте сырники 1–2 минуты до появления золотистой корочки. Затем переверните их на другую сторону и также обжарьте до золотистого состояния.
  7. Повторяйте, пока творог не закончится.
Ingredients
  • Tvorog (Quark) – 500 grams
  • Chicken eggs – 2
  • Wheat flour – 6 tablespoons
  • Sugar – 2 tablespoons
  • Sunflower oil – 5 tablespoons

Preparation

  1. Place all the tvorog in a saucepan and mix it with a fork, so that there are no large lumps left. Crack the eggs into it, pour in the sugar, and mix everything thoroughly.
  2. Add 5 heaping tablespoons of flour and mix thoroughly. You can add a little more flour and the syrniki will then turn out more dense. Or a little less flour can be added, and the syrniki will be more tender. Mix until you have a homogeneous mass.
  3. Put a frying pan over medium heat and pour the sunflower oil in it.
  4. Put a little flour on a plate. Sculpt a few small balls from the tvorog mixture and put them on the plate. It’s better to mold 4-5 balls at a time ‒ as many as will fit simultaneously in the pan.
  5. Then flatten them into small cakes (they should not be too thin) and put them in the frying pan.
  6. Fry the syrniki 1-2 minutes until a golden crust appears. Then turn them over to the other side and also brown until golden.
  7. Repeat until the mixture is finished.

 

Сырники с минимумом муки Syrniki with Minimum Flour
Ингредиенты
  • Соль – 1 щепотка
  • Манная крупа – 1 столовая ложка
  • Сахар – по вкусу
  • Сахар ванильный – 1 пакет
  • Яйцо куриное – 1 штука
  • Творог – 600 граммов

Приготовление

  1. Творог подавить вилкой, чтобы не было комочков, высыпать сахар (по вкусу), ванильный сахар, добавить манку 1 ложку с верхом, яйцо (1 большое). Хорошо перемешать и оставить минут на 15, чтобы манка разбухла. Если кажется суховатым, не спешите добавлять яйцо, пусть постоит.
  2. Скатать шарики и, немного придавив, обвалять в муке.
  3. Жарить на растительном масле на огне чуть больше маленького и меньше среднего 🙂 С каждой стороны приблизительно по 3 минуты. Первую сторону я накрываю крышкой где-то на 1 минуту. Главное правильно выставить огонь. Если маленький ‒ разлезутся, если большой ‒ зажарятся и не пропекутся.
  4. Дать постоять, остудится, чтобы форму держали.
  5. А дальше ‒ ваша фантазия, можно классически с вареньем или сметаной, а можно просто посыпать пудрой сахарной.
Ingredients
  • Salt – 1 pinch
  • Semolina – 1 tablespoon
  • Sugar – to taste
  • Vanilla sugar – about 3 tablespoons
  • 1 Egg
  • Tvorog (Quark) – 600 grams

Preparation

  1. Mash the tvorog with a fork until there are no lumps, pour the sugar (to taste), vanilla sugar, add 1 tablespoon of semolina, and 1 large egg. Stir well and leave for 15 minutes to allow the semolina to swell. If it seems dry, do not rush to add an egg, let it stand.
  2. Roll little balls and press them down gently into a floured surface.
  3. Fry in vegetable oil over heat that is a little above low but a little less than medium :). Fry on each side for about three minutes. On the first side, I cover them with a lid while frying for about one minute. The main thing is to make sure the temperature is right. If too low, they will break, if too high, they will burn and not cook through.
  4. Let them stand and cool in order for the form to hold.
  5. And then, as you wish, you can enjoy them with classic jam or sour cream, or just sprinkle them with powdered sugar.

Our Favorite Syrniki Videos

Сырники как у бабушки” ‒ Syrniki like Grandma’s! “Бабушка Эмма” speaks Russian clearly and shows all of her tried and true tips and tricks.

 

Because Nutella makes everything better – including syrniki.

 

“Сырники по-американски” – Syrniki the American way! This video (in English) shows a variation of syrniki when traditional ingredients are unavailable. Plus, Alex is kinda funny.

 

An example of someone who calls these “творожники.” “Кухарим” makes syrniki the fast and easy way. Also, there’s a weird dance involved.

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About the author

Katheryn Weaver

Katheryn Weaver is a student of rhetoric and history at the University of Texas, Austin. Her primary areas of investigation include revolution and the rhetorical justification of violence against individuals, state, and society. She is currently studying Russian as a Second Language with SRAS's Home and Abroad Scholarship.

Program attended: Home and Abroad Scholar

View all posts by: Katheryn Weaver