Polish Phrasebook Talking Online

Two young women chatting on a bench in front of the Frederic Chopin memorial in Warsaw, Poland.

The Talking Polish Phrasebook

Published: February 26, 2022

The Talking Phrasebook Series presents useful phrases and words in side-by-side translation and with audio files specifically geared to help students work on listening skills and pronunciation. Each entry below, divided by category, features an English word or phrase in the left column and its Polish translation in the right.

In the center column for each row is a play button. The recorded file will feature first English, then the Polish in three versions: one slow, one with each syllable broken out, and a last version that will be spoken as it might be overheard in a conversation between native speakers.

About Polish Grammar

Gender: Polish is a highly gendered language with multiple pronouns based on number, gender, and level of formality. Most of the examples in this resource give one (clearly marked) example of a phrase using a specific form of “you.” However, these can generally be modified by replacing the form of “you” used.

Below, we list all “you” forms in Polish. Note that these are genitive forms – which are the forms that would be most used in the phrases given below:

You Się/siebie (singular, informal, reflexive)
You Cię/Ciebie (singular, informal)
You Was (informal, plural)
You Pan (formal, singular, male)(like “Sir”)
You Pani (formal, singular, female)(like “Madam”)
You Państwo (formal, plural)

 

Verb Conjugation: Verbs are also conjugated based on number and formality. So, examples below may also need the verb replaced. For instance, “Do you?” can you appear in the following forms:

Do you (speak?) Czy (mówisz) (singular, informal)
Do you (speak?) Czy (mówicie) (informal, plural)
Do you (speak?) Czy mówi (formal, singular, male or female)
Do you (speak?) Czy mówią (formal, plural)

 

Asking Questions: Meanwhile, “Can you” can be said in the following ways: (note that Czy is a word that indicates what will follow will be a question.

Can you Czy możesz? (sing. informal)
Can you Czy możecie (informal, plural)
Can you Czy może (formal, singular, male or female)
Can you Czy mogą (formal, plural)

 

Survival Basics for Polish back to top

Hi!
Cześć!
*informal, conversational – to greet a friend
Hello!
Dzień dobry!
*more formal – to greet a teacher/passer-by
Yes
Tak
No
Nie
Good morning!
Dzień dobry!
Good afternoon!
Dzień dobry!
Good evening!
Dobry wieczór!
What’s up?
Co u Ciebie?
*informal
How are you?
Co słychać u Ciebie?
*informal – more complete version of “Co u Ciebie?” (above)
How are you, (Madam)?
Jak się Pani ma?
*formal – only use with a female (see above for discussion of other forms of “you” in Polish).
Good, thanks, and you, (Madam)?
Dziękuję, dobrze, a u Pani?
Good bye!
Pa!
*infomal, conversational
Good bye!
Do widzenia
*formal
See you later!
Do zobaczenia
Sorry!
Przepraszam
Open/closed
Otwarte / zamknięte
Pull/push
Ciągnąć / pchać
*as would be written on a door to a building
Small/big
Mały / duży
Do you speak English, (Sir)?
Czy mówi Pan po angielsku?
*formal, for use only with a male.
(see above for more discussion on the verb and pronoun to use)
I don’t speak English.
Nie mówię po angielsku
I only speak a little Polish.
Mówię tylko trochę po polsku.
I understand/I don’t understand
Rozumiem / Nie rozumiem.
Thank you!
Dziękuję!
Thank you very much!
Dziękuję bardzo!
Very well, thanks!
Bardzo dobrze, dziękuję!
Good/bad (adj)
dobry/zły (male)
Good/bad (adj)
dobra/zła (female)
Well/poor (adv)
dobrze/źle
Please
Proszę
*When asking for something politely
You’re welcome!
Proszę
*when responding to “Dziękuję’
Excuse me!
Przepraszam
A little
Trochę
Could you speak more slowly, Madam?
Czy możę Pani mówić wolniej?
*formal, for use only with a female.
(see above for more discussion on the verb and pronoun to use)
Could you repeat, please, Sir?
Czy może Pan powtórzyć? (sing. to Sir, formal)
*formal, for use only with a male.
(see above for more discussion on the verb and pronoun to use)
Could you write that down, Madam?
Czy może Pani to napisać? (sing. to Madam, formal)
*formal, for use only with a female.
(see above for more discussion on the verb and pronoun to use)
My wallet was stolen
Mój portfel został skradziony.
My passport was stolen
Mój paszport został skradziony.
My purse was stolen
Moja torebka została skradziona.
*Note that in Polish “torebka” is feminine (hence, the use of feminine pronoun, and both “portfel” and “paszport” are masculine).
I need a doctor!
Potrzebuję lekarza.
Call the police!
Proszę zadzwonić na policję!

 

Introductions in Polish back to top

What is your name?
Jak masz na imię? (informal)
What is your name?
Jak ma Pan/Pani na imię? (formal)
Pleased to meet you!
Miło mi!
(Poles may also say “bardzo mi miło” to add more emphasis)
It’s mutual (in response to “Miło mi!”, above)
Wzajemnie
I am 25 years old.
Mam 25 lat.
How old are you?
Ile masz lat?
Where are you from?
Skąd jesteś?
I am American.
Jestem Amerykaninem / Amerykanką
(male, female)
No, I am from Canada.
Nie, jestem z Kanady.
She is Australian.
Ona jest Australijką
He is Irish.
On jest Irlandczykiem.
We are from New Zealand.
Jesteśmy z Nowej Zelandii.
They are from Wales.
Oni są z Walii.
How do you like Poland?
Jak Ci się podoba w Polsce?
I like Poland very much..
Bardzo mi się podoba w Polsce.
Have you ever been to Cracow?
Czy byłeś / byłaś kiedyś w Krakowie?
(male / female)
I have never been to Warsaw before.
Nigdy nie byłem / byłam w Warszawie. (male / female)
This is my second time in Poland.
To jest mój pierwszy pobyt w Polsce.
What do you do?
Czym się zajmujesz?
I am a student.
Jestem studentem / studentką,
(male / female)
I am a teacher.
Jestem nauczycielem / nauczyielką.
(male / female)
I am on vacation.
Jestem na wakacjach.
I am here on business.
Jestem w podróży służbowej.

 

Asking Directions back to top

Where are the toilets?
Gdzie jest toaleta?
Men
Mężczyźni
Women
Kobiety
Where is the nearest bank?
Gdzie jest najbliższy bank?
Where is the nearest post office?
Gdzie jest najbliższa poczta?
Where is the nearest train station?
Gdzie jest najbliższa dworzec kolejowy? (also, stacja kolejowa)
Where can I find Wi-Fi?
Gdzie mogę znaleźć Wi-fi?
Do you know the Wi-Fi password, (Madam?)
Czy zna Pani hasło do Wi-fi?
(to a female, formal)
How can I order a taxi?
Jak zamówić taksówkę?
Straight ahead!
Prosto!
Take a right.
Skręć w prawo!
Take a left.
Skręć w lewo!
After the stoplight
Za tym świetle.
Next
Następny (this and first/last are all male forms)
First
Pierwszy
Last
Ostatni

 

Shopping back to top

How much does that cost?
Ile to kosztuje?
The menu, please!
Menu, proszę?
I’d like a beer, please
Piwo, proszę.
I’d like the bill, please.
Proszę o rachunek.
Do you accept credit cards?
Czy akceptujecie karty kredytowe?

 

Counting back to top

0
Zero
1
Jeden
2
Dwa
3
Trzy
4
Cztery
5
Pięć
6
Sześć
7
Siedem
8
Osiem
9
Dziewięć
10
Dziesięć
11
Jedynaście
12
Dwanaście
13
Trzynaście
14
Czternaście
15
Piętnaście
16
Szesnaście
17
Siedemnaście
18
Osiemnaście
19
Dziewiętnaście
20
Dwadzieścia
21
Dwadzieścia jeden
22
Dwadzieścia dwa
30
Trzydzieści
40
Czterdzieści
50
Pięćdziesiąt
60
Sześćdziesiąt
70
Siedemdziesiąt
80
Osiemdziesiąt
90
Dziewięćdziesiąt
100
Sto
111
Sto jedenaście
125
Sto dwadzieścia pięć
200
Dwieście
300
Trzysta
400
Czterysta
500
Pięćset
600
Sześćset
700
Siedemset
800
Osiemset
900
Dziewięćset
1000
Tysiąc

 

About the author

Emma Tkaz

Emma Tkaz

Emma Tkacz graduated from the University of Texas at Austin, where she majored in International Relations and Global Studies with a focus in Security Studies and European Studies. She minored in Russian. Her college experience and family ties in Poland fostered her love for Eastern European culture and, one day, she hopes to live and work in Eastern Europe. In the near future, she plans to attend graduate school and pursue a Master’s in International Studies.

Program attended: Online Internships

View all posts by: Emma Tkaz