Морс (Mors) is a traditional Russian drink typically made of fresh berries, sugar, and water. It is drunk and enjoyed across the post-Soviet space.
Most often морс is made by boiling berries or similar small, juicy fruits such as cranberry, lingonberry, wild strawberry, or red currant with a sweetener such as honey or sugar. Морс is one of the oldest Russian drinks, with some archeologists suggesting that it may be more than two thousand years old. The earliest written records of the drink, however, are found in a fifteenth-century encyclopedia called “Домострой” (Domostroy), which translates loosely to “Household Code” and which covered everything from rules about how to organize a farm to how to punish a son to how to make good морс.
Почему он носит такое название?
The word “морс” most likely comes from the Byzantine word “moores,” which means “water and honey.” The Latin word “musla,” which means “mead” is also sometimes cited as a possible source; mead is fermented water and honey.
Traditionally in Russia, particularly in rural Russia, honey has been more readily available than granulated sugar and thus was long the traditional sweetener of choice. Today’s recipes for homemade морс and commercially-produced морс drinks, however, usually call for sugar to be added. Honey is still sometimes used, especially by the health- or tradition-conscious.
Как правильно пить морс?
Морс is especially popular on warm summer days and is often served slightly chilled. On the other hand, many profess drinking морс throughout the winter keeps sickness away since it contains many vitamins.
Citing these vitamins, many Russians believe морс has many benefits, including preventing colds, reducing fever, and improving one’s mood. Some recipes go as far as to suggest drinking морс thirty to forty minutes prior to eating to help your digestion.
Морс can be made at home, but is also commonly bought in one of many commercially-produced brands produced in Russia. It is sold in supermarkets in the juice section.
Как правильно готовить морс?
Морс is most often prepared with ягоды (berries), specifically клюква (cranberries), but a variety of fruits can be used. To add more nutrients, people sometime add juice from vegetables such as beets, rhubarb, or carrots.
Occasionally recipes call for birch tree juice (another traditional Russian drink) to be added to the mix. Mixing a variety of fruits and vegetables can make this drink very fresh and maximize nutritional benefits.
Many recipes will list two categories of berries: лесные (forest) and садовые (garden or orchard). Лесные ягоды are found in the vastness of Russian forests, and berry-picking or mushroom-hunting are popular activities in Russia is a popular activity in Russia. Examples found in the forest include черника (bilberry), голубика (blueberry), брусника (ligonberry), and клюква (cranberries).
On the other hand, садовые ягоды, as the name hints, are grown in gardens or orchards. Examples include малина (rasberry), клубника (strawberry), красная и чёрная смородина (red and black currant), крыжовник (gooseberry), вишня (cherry), and виноград (grape). In the summer, садовые ягоды color bazaars across Russian cities.
While less common, other fruits can be used in making морс, including арбуз (watermelon), яблоко (apple), and персик (peach).
Most commonly, морс is strained through a fine sieve. Some cooks even suggest placing a paper towel in the sieve to make sure to get all seeds, pulp, and skin out of the drink. However, many restaurants in Russia now offer fresh “home-style” морс that will feature considerable pulp and skin. Keeping these elements and keeping the boiling stage of the морс to a minimum are becoming more popular as it is recognized that this maximizes the vitamins and fiber that can be obtained from the drink and thus maximizes the health benefits for which Russians have long cherished the drink.
For the health conscious (and traditionalists), honey can also be used in the place of sugar. Plus, as a finishing touch, try sprinkling a dash of cinnamon (also revered in the modern age for its unique health benefits) in the cup and place a mint leaf or lemon or orange zest on top for a nice garnish!
|Клюквенный морс||Cranberry Mors|
|Яблочный Морс||Apple Mors|
Яблочный морс можно приготовить двумя способами.
Apple mors may be prepared in two ways:
Our Favorite Mors Videos
Here is a quick and simple demonstration of how to make морс (without smiling).
In this six-and-a-half minute video one Russian woman floridly teaches another how “quickly” make морс for her husband and why he’ll be grateful for it.
This simple video shows the different types of berries explained above. This video can be used to reinforce the new vocabulary you learned in this lesson!