For those of us who have had the singular pleasure of being seated behind a hefty bowl of харчо (kharcho), it is hard to describe exactly how delicious this Georgian delicacy really is. It is also, interestingly enough, hard to describe what it actually is, as there is rather heated disagreement about several of the ingredients central to the recipe. All recipes agree, however, that харчо is a hearty meat and rice soup, distinguished most by the flavor kick of its characteristic walnuts and sour(ish) plum component. While it is undeniably a dish native to Georgia, it is, like nearly all Georgian foods, enjoyed across the entirety of the former USSR.
Почему он носит такое название?
The name of the soup, “xарчо”, is derived from the dish’s actual Georgian appelation: дзерохис хорци харшот (dzerokhis khortsi kharshot), which, in Georgian, means simply “beef soup.” While other meats (especially lamb), are sometimes used, many purists refuse to make харчо with anything but beef, citing the improbability of making, for example, beef soup from lamb.
Как правильно есть харчо?
Харчо, like many Georgian foods that have found a most appreciative home in Russia, requires no special occasion to be devoured; the love for the dish is too great to restrict its ingestion! In the soup’s native land, as well, харчо is extremely common.
Как правильно готовить харчо?
The most complex aspect of харчо is most definitely what to put in it! As mentioned above, there are various disagreements regarding the components of the soup. Absolute purists will not call a soup харчо if it is not made using the following trinity of ingredients: beef, grated walnuts, and тклапи (tklapi) ‒ a dried puree of cherry plums. Many, however, call it fair play to either replace these ingredients with others (as is the case with both the beef and tklapi) or to leave them out altogether (a most common occurrence with the walnuts). The traditional beef in the recipe is most commonly switched out for lamb, but there are pork, chicken and even goose variants on the харчо theme. The soup’s base, tklapi, is now often replaced with fresh cherry plums, a popular Georgian sauce made from these plums called ткемали (tkemali), tomatoes and/or tomato paste, or even pomegranate juice.
While pre-prepared tklapi is a rarity in both America and in Russia, ткемали can be purchased easily online. You might also check at your local grocery story to inquire if they might have cherry plums in stock or if they can special order them if you are interested in trying the recipe with fresh fruit.
Another ingredient that can be difficult to find in Georgian cooking is a spice mix called хмели сунели (khmeli suneli), which contains a variety of ingredients including saffron, pepper, basil, dill, cilantro, and marjoram. It is used in харчо as well as many other Georgian dishes. However, again, the age of Internet wonders is upon us and хмели сунели can be found online at Amazon and specialty spice retailers. Don’t feel bad about investing in whole bottles of either of these unique ingredients – ткемали complements nearly any meat dish and can be used in place of ketchup or barbecue sauce for a spicier, more original flavor. For those who cook, хмели сунели can complement nearly any dish in which the main ingredient is beef, lamb, or beans.
While there is a lot of disharmony regarding what should be put in this soup, there is the general rule that before ingesting your харчо, it should be topped off with cilantro!
|Суп-харчо по-грузински||Georgian Kharcho|
|Ингредиенты (на трехлитровую кастрюлю)
|Ingredients (for a 3-liter pot)
Our Favorite Kharcho Videos
This video is part of a series on traditional Georgian cuisine. A very good foundational video on харчо as it not only showcases some of the variations spoken of above (they use tomato paste instead of tklapi) and some shortcuts all its own (e.g. there is a blender involved), but there is also a kind of question-and-answer session about the nature of the dish itself going on between the host and the chef.
This is an amateur video made by a fairly prolific Russian cooking blogger. Although the quality is not optimal at times, it is a good one to watch as she uses lamb and also throws in some preparation variations, such as cooking her meat beforehand. Also interesting to look at the comments posted under the video; the argument over харчо ingredients is alive and well even on the Internet!
Very cool video that is actually an advertisement for a multi-cooker. Shows you a nice, quick-and-dirty version of харчо using ткемали.
About the Author:
Jordan Bryant graduated from Harvard University with a BA in Slavic Languages & Literatures. She previously spent two summers studying abroad in St. Petersburg and one in Prauge. She participated in SRAS’s Home and Abroad Program in Vladivostok, Russia.