For those obsessed with all things pumpkin — pumpkin pie, pumpkin ice-cream, pumpkin-spice lattes — оромо is sure to please. Oромо is a rolled, layered, steamed pastry that comes with various fillings (pumpkin being common and our favorite). It evokes everything we love about pumpkin season back home in the States. This main dish is warm, comforting, filling, and hits the spot with hot tea after a cold day.
Oромо is most often associated with the peoples of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhsta, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Tatarstan. Unlike many other Central Asian dishes such as plov, manti, and lagman, оромо has failed to win a following in Russia and Eastern Europe. However, that doesn’t make it any less delicious.
Почему они носят такое название?
The name “оромо” is a noun version of the Kyrgyz verb, ороо, which means “to roll.” Oромо starts off with a large, flat sheet of dough. It is spread with filling and rolled into a tube which is then steamed and served in severed portions. Thus, the name “the roll” seems entirely appropriate.
The dish is named “орама” in Kazakh for the same reason. As Kazakh is a more populous language, the dish is often called “orama” in English. In Russia, the dish is better known by its Tartar name, “ханум”. Traditions vary slightly across the various cultures that enjoy оромо, but the dish is always recognizably the same.
Как правильно есть оромо?
Oромо is a standard, everyday dish. It is usually eaten with the hands in Kyrgyzstan, which is messy but traditional for many Kyrgyz dishes. The Kyrgyz are a traditionally nomadic people for whom travelling light was a priority. Thus, food is often eaten from a common plate and silverware is generally viewed as optional.
Oромо can be served with a variety of sauces. A common sauce has fresh tomatoes with spices, finely chopped greens, and yoghurt (or sour milk). Another popular sauce is a mix of fresh tomatoes, vinegar, and horseradish.
Как правильно готовить оромо?
Oромо is prepared in a special tiered steamer called a мантоварка (mantovarka). The мантоварка derives its name from манты, a Central Asian meat dumpling. It has a pan for boiling water, several perforated tiers above it to hold the food in the steam the boiling water emits, and a tight lid. The most important aspect of мантоварка is that the lid closes tightly. Be sure to lightly grease the tiers so that the оромо does not stick.
Oромо is quite similar to манты, which are smaller packets of dough stuffed with the same type of filling and steamed in the same manner. However, манты requires folding many individual portions while оромо requires rolling a single tube. For this reason, оромо is sometimes also refered to as “ленивые манты”.
There are many varieties of оромо, depending on the seasonal ingredients available. Kyrgyz families typically make the filling from meat and fat with rice and seasonal vegetables being optional additions. Vegetarian varieties, however, do exist – which might be surprising considering how meat-and-fat-heavy the traditional Kyrgyz diet is. These vegetarian options will often include only rice and/or the typical vegetables that go into оромо. Sweet and/or starchy vegetables are typically preferred ‒ including pumpkin, potatoes, sweet potatoes, squash, and sweet peppers.
|Киргизский оромо||Kyrgyz Oromo|
|Ингредиенты (на 4 порции)
Примечание: Состав ингредиентов может меняться в зависимости от желания и времени года.
|Ingredients (for 4 portions)
For the dough
For the filling
Note: Ingredients will vary depending on personal taste and time of year.
Our Favorite Oromo/Khanum Videos
In this video, Chef Vlyacheslav Baraev from The Beluga Restaurant in Dusseldorf, Germany gives a quick four-minute tutorial on how to make оромо in the shape of a rose. Chef Baraev’s clear Russian accent and happy-go-lucky attitude, set to light accordion background music, is particularly enjoyable.
This video is taken from the show, Мы никого не едим и Вам не советуем, (We Don’t Eat Anyone/Any Animal and Don’t Advise (You to Either). The video’s acoustics may be a distracting because of the loud techno music and ambient noise of kids in the background, but the homey setting of the kitchen, and the conversational style of this cooking class, which includes a back-and-forth dialogue between the women, lends a personal and realistic style to this recipe that makes it less daunting for first-timers.
This video is taken from the culinary channel, GermaCook. Of all the listed videos here, this one is the most professional. It takes place in a shiny, sexy kitchen, and is accompanied by energizing, bubbly music. There is no fun personality to walk you through the steps, but the instructions are all written on the bottom of the screen.